If you have dry skin you’ll see that your skin is low on moisture and oil. I would guess that a few of the things that cause your skin’s dryness is using water that’s too hot when you wash your face, or using a cleanser that’s too harsh. There’s also the chance that you get dry skin in the winter only which would be the effect of the cold dry wind against your skin. Sometimes you might even have “acne” or more like, irritation. People with dry skin will never have acne because the oil glands don’t produce enough oil to clog the pores, so that, is unquestionably irritation. It could be from a product you’re using, lack of sunscreen, or the most common lack of moisture that’s causing it.
Your main concern should be how to hydrate your skin and nothing else until it’s no longer rough. You want to look for Hyaluronic Acid in the ingredients for the deepest form of moisture. There’s also Lactic Acid, Glycerin, and Petroleum Jelly. You should definitely avoid anything with alcohol in it since it’s very drying. Check your cleanser, toner, and moisturizer for any ingredient that ends with –ohol. You should also try using oils for moisture like Argan, Coconut, Olive, and Jojoba. Don’t go making the mistake of thinking that Tea Tree Oil is good for your skin, that’s the one oil I will advise you against, it’s actually for oily skin. And last but not least try to exfoliate once a week to clear away the dry flakes and help bring out the newer, healthier skin underneath.
If you have oily skin, you’ll be a walking disco ball. Your skin produces more than the normal amount of oil, your make up slides off your face, and you have a higher chance of getting a breakout than having a good face day. For that I recommend clay based products which have a tendency to suck out the oil from your skin, the downside is people will generally fail to find the balance between sucking out the oil and maintaining the moisture. I honestly don’t think you need to use anything beyond clay based products, and I’ll tell you why. Over drying your skin will do absolutely nothing for you. Using something with Salicylic Acid, or Benzoyl Peroxide when you have no active acne on your face is definitely not something you should do. You’ll find that the oil in your skin is disappearing, you’ll be happy and suddenly an acne shit storm will hit you, you won’t be able to control it. It’ll be your skin’s natural reaction to having all the oils dried out the way they would if you use either one of those ingredients with no acne on your face. Don’t do that to yourself. Too much of anything is bad for you, always keep that in mind when you’re taking care of your face. Too much oil is bad, too dry is equally bad.
You can also look for something like Silica that will be good because it’s found in clay, there’s also Potassium Hydroxide which indicates a gentle cleanser that is water soluble. Rose Mary, Tea Tree and Witch Hazel will also curb the oil production, but remember less is more. You also definitely need a good moisturizer, and don’t you dare believe that having oily skin means you can’t use a moisturizer that will be the biggest mistake of your life. Find moisturizers with Hyaluronic Acid, Dimethicone, Glycerin, and Alpha Hydroxy Acids. If you don’t want the hassle of looking for those ingredients then the easiest moisturizer would be Aloe Vera, but chances are it won’t be enough in the winter. Last, but not least you should exfoliate 2 to 3 times a week in the effort of keeping your pores unclogged so you don’t get acne.
Acne Prone Skin:
If you have acne, I’m sorry. It’s the worst thing in the world, you feel like your skin is conspiring against you, almost everything you do to make it go away feels like it makes it worse, and you practically gave up on products. I have good news, I had acne before too and the best part is it does go away. You need to be super careful when dealing with your skin for very obvious reasons. Things you definitely need to avoid are scrubs because it does in fact make it worse, and the very obvious picking at your pimples. I’ve learned throughout my acne experience that using my acne products on my whole face when my whole face doesn’t have acne is a big mistake. It makes the acne spread, it’s not the best solution that’s for sure. The real solution is spot treatment. I SWEAR by this. You’ll find them in every beauty section, they’re small tiny containers that seem like a waste of money. They’re not. Benzoyl Peroxide, and Salicylic Acid. Not the cleansers mind you, the spot treatments.
Salicylic Acid Uses: This is for the pimples that have a white head. They’ve already surfaced and need to dry before fading away. This will help them dry out. But again, use this ONLY on the active pimples, not on your whole face otherwise you’ll be peeling like a sun burnt tanner in the summer heat.
Benzoyl Peroxide Uses: This is for the pimples under your skin, those painful red ones that feel like an alien trying to penetrate through your face. You use it, again, ONLY on the pimpled area. You’ll find that it will either help it surface faster, or never come out. It really depends, it’s never going to be the same result for every pimple.
As for moisturizer, you’ll definitely need something light like a gel that says oil free on it so it doesn’t aggravate your acne. Again, don’t scrub with active acne on your face. When you’ve treated all your acne, revert to the Oily Skin section for ingredient reference. Yes, you have oily skin for sure.
Everything in skincare is so much easier when you understand what does what, and what to use on your face and when. Be smart with your choices, assess your skin and try to figure out what’s the best thing for you. No one will know your skin better than you, always remember that.